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亚博网站网址链接_为什么全世界都在玩儿“高位压迫”?压迫到底是个什么?



发布日期:2021-03-24 01:29:01 发布者:Admin5  点击率:

So the question is, we are all talking about oppression, what exactly is high oppression?

所以问题是,我们都在谈论压迫,高压迫到底是什么?

In fact, the domestic academic circles are not cold on the translated term "high position pressure", but are more inclined to "center and frontcourt pressure defense" or "forward pressure style play".

实际上,国内学术界对翻译“高位压力”并不冷淡,而是倾向于“中锋和前场压力防御”或“前锋风格打法”。

Regarding oppression, Chinese fans are actually no stranger. Coach Xu Genbao played in the Shanghai team.

关于压迫,中国球迷实际上并不陌生。徐根宝教练在上海队效力。

The ideal goal of high position pressure is naturally to regain possession of the ball. Direct steals, winning out-of-bounds kicks, corner kicks, and set kicks can all be regarded as successful defenses. Delaying the opponent's offensive speed is also an acceptable result, such as forcing the opponent to pass/dribble sideways or back, and destroy the ball out of bounds. The worst result? Of course, his opponent broke the game with three passes and passed the midfield quickly.

高位置压力的理想目标自然是重新获得球权。直接抢断,越界踢,角球和定点踢都可以视为成功的防守。延迟对手的进攻速度也是可以接受的结果,例如,迫使对手侧身传球/运球或向后运球,并破坏球出界。结果最差?当然,他的对手三局破坏了比赛,很快就越过了中场。

The football tactics Bible "Inverted Pyramid" explains this:

足球战术圣经“倒金字塔”对此进行了解释:

——The development and professionalization of football

-足球的发展与专业化

We all know that the core issue of football games is "balance between offense and defense." Offense means that the ball is under the feet, which means active, and defense is often regarded as passive.

众所周知,足球比赛的核心问题是“攻守兼顾”。进攻意味着球在脚下,这意味着主动,而防守通常被认为是被动的。

Back to defense.

回到防守。

To put it simply, traditional football games are "separate offense and defense". Offensive and defensive players do their own things. Modern football is highly regarded.

简而言之,传统的足球比赛是“独立的进攻和防守”。进攻和防守球员都做自己的事情。现代足球受到高度重视。

In the 1970s, the emergence of "all offense and all defense" tactics marked the emergence of the rudimentary form of oppressive defense. Here we have to mention two geniuses-"Master" Michels and his disciple Crewe. Yves. The high-level oppression we see today is developed and perfected on the basis of the concept of full offense and full defense.

在1970年代,“所有进攻和所有防御”策略的出现标志着基本形式的压迫性防御的出现。在这里,我们不得不提到两位天才,即“大师”米歇尔斯和他的门徒克鲁。伊夫。我们今天看到的高级压迫是在充分进攻和充分防御的概念的基础上发展和完善的。

In the second decade of the new century, with the rise of Spanish football and Barcelona, ​​oppressive defense once again ushered in innovation. Still remember

在新世纪的第二个十年中,随着西班牙足球和巴塞罗那的崛起,压迫性防守再次迎来了创新。还记得

After that, teams of different styles combined their own characteristics to continuously optimize and upgrade the oppression: Guardiola's Barcelona & Bayern & Manchester City, Klopp's Dortmund & Liverpool, Pochettino's Tottenham, Simeone's Atletico, etc. Etc., their success in these years is largely due to their tactical concept leading the trend of an era.

之后,风格各异的团队会结合自己的特点,不断优化和提升压迫感:瓜迪奥拉的巴塞罗那和拜仁城和曼城,克洛普的多特蒙德和利物浦,波切蒂诺的热刺,西蒙内的马竞等等。这些年来,他们的成功很大程度上由于他们的战术概念引领了时代潮流。

On the court, the offensive and defensive moments are changing with each other. The end of the defense determines the starting point of the offense, that is, the offense can be initiated wherever the ball is grabbed. Regaining the right to the ball in the midfield can shorten the time from defensive to offensive. At this time, the team that loses the ball is often too late to organize the defensive formation. The defense level is thin, and the offense only needs one or two passes to attack the opponent's hinterland. Shot.

在球场上,进攻时刻和防守时刻互为变化。防守的终点决定了进攻的起点,也就是说,只要抓住球,就可以发起进攻。在中场重新获得接球权可以缩短从防守到进攻的时间。这时,丢球的球队通常来不及组织防守阵型。防御水平很低,进攻只需要传一两次便可以攻击对手的腹地。射击。

Even if you fail to steal the ball directly, you can press high

即使您未能直接偷球,也可以向高处按

the most basic. Today’s players every game

最基本的。今天的球员每场比赛

Fragmented and separate oppression is difficult to succeed. Under normal circumstances, there must be a leader on the field to decide and initiate the oppression, and there must be a rear defense core to direct the movements and positions of teammates.

零散而独立的压迫很难成功。在正常情况下,必须有一个现场负责人来决定和发起压迫,并且必须有一个后防核心来指挥队友的动作和位置。

High position pressure requires players to be highly focused, read the time and space on the court, always pay attention to the development of the ball, accurately predict, react in time, and make quick decisions based on themselves, teammates, opponents and the location of the ball. Simeone The Jagged Atletico is synonymous with tactical quality and discipline.

高位置压力要求球员高度专注,在球场上阅读时间和空间,时刻关注球的发展,准确预测,及时做出反应并根据自己,队友,对手和位置做出快速决策球。 Simeone锯齿竞技是战术质量和纪律的代名词。

Since the oppression is to compress the opponent’s offensive space, the defensive side must naturally form a closely connected and well-defined defensive formation.

由于压迫是为了压缩对手的进攻空间,因此防守方必须自然形成紧密联系且定义明确的防守阵型。

After grabbing the ball, the player with the ball should move the ball forward as soon as possible. The defending player quickly changes his role into a responder, looking for opportunities to attack the goal. If you can't hold the ball or lose the ball soon, then the pressure is meaningless. The reason why Barcelona’s oppression made all of them horrified is that each of their players has the ability to directly penetrate the defense line. Even if they can’t attack at the first time, they can calmly transition the ball back to the midfield and reorganize. .

抓住球后,带球的球员应尽快将球向前移动。防守球员迅速将自己的角色转变为响应者,寻找机会攻击目标。如果您无法立即持球或输球,那么压力就毫无意义。巴塞罗那的压迫令所有人震惊,原因是他们的每个球员都有能力直接突破防守线。即使他们第一次不能进攻,也可以从容地将球传回中场并重新组织。 。

Players are not robots after all. In a 90-minute game, it is difficult to ask them to run at high speed without stopping, so

玩家毕竟不是机器人。在90分钟的游戏中,很难要求他们不停地高速奔跑,因此

As the players' personal abilities become stronger and stronger, the intensity and difficulty of defense are getting higher and higher. It is difficult to achieve good results with one-on-one defense or equal numbers of defenses. How to establish the advantages of more hits and less or more defenses and less in the local area, and further transformed into an overall advantage has become a key research topic for each coach.

随着球员的个人能力越来越强,防守的强度和难度也越来越高。一对一的防御或相等数量的防御很难获得好的结果。如何在本地树立更多命中,更少防守,更少防守的优势,并进一步转化为整体优势,已成为每位教练的重要研究课题。

On the wing, the offensive player’s

在边路,进攻球员的

Here comes the point! Knock on the blackboard.

这就是重点!敲黑板。

When an opportunity arises, the defensive player closest to the ball quickly grabs, actively speeds up the pace of the game, closes the forward path of the ball holder, and lures or forces it to a specific player (poor technique/back facing the offensive direction) or area ( Inferior number of wingers/attackers) play/dribble.

当机会出现时,最靠近球的防守球员会迅速抓住对手,积极加快比赛节奏,关闭持球者的前行通道,并引诱或迫使其投向特定球员(技术欠佳/面对进攻的后卫)方向)或区域(边锋/进攻者数量少)比赛/运球。

The assisting defender quickly moved closer into the ball area and occupied a favorable defensive position.

辅助后卫迅速移近控球区并占据有利的防守位置。

As the ball develops,

随着球的发展,

After all,

毕竟,

 
 
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